ITEMS NEEDED FOR SELF SUFFICIENT HOMESTEADING
1) Land & House – In order to be self sufficient you must have land to produce the things you need and a house to live in. You must be able to secure your land, and you must own it all 100%. Banks and creditors are one of the biggest enemies.
2) Weapons for hunting (Talk to local hunting groups)
3) Open pollinated, Non GMO, Non-Hybrid Heirloom seeds for vegetables, grain, animal feed – In a truly self sufficient situation, the ability to produce crops year after year is essential. This will also provide you with a product you can sell or trade in the form of food or seeds. The addition of flax and cotton seed will allow you to produce raw materials for clothing as well. The lists is long and includes Hemp, Sugar, Tobacco. Fruit Trees, Herbs, Spices etc etc etc
4) Gardening tools – Tools such as a shovels, hoes, rakes, picks and broad fork can allow a person to plant small plots with a minimal amount of tools and expense. Ash trees on your land will provide good handles for ever.
5) Water filters – A good water filter will help keep your family healthy especially if your water source is above ground. The Big Berkey Water Filter is a good one.
Berkey BK4X2-BB Big Berkey Filtration System with 2 Black Filters and 2 Fluoride Filters. Must also make Animal And Garden Water Filters with 40 Gallon Drums, Sand, Charcoal and Gravel. Wind powered water pump. Hand cranked water pump.
6) Hand operated grain mill – These allow you to process your own grains into a more edible form. A good mill that can process herbs, grains and nuts will provide you with food staples and possibly even a barter item. Some can be attached to bicycles which is a good idea when the electricity is out.
7) Wood cook stove – This will provide cooking, heating and hot water capability and the ability to work with your own fuel from local sources.
8) Oil Lamps – These are the most basic lighting source you can have and the ability to make your own lamp fuel will make you truly independent. 10 Metres of Wick. There is another section on lighting.
9) Quality knives for butchering – An inexpensive set of knives may work just fine for normal kitchen preparation but for processing homegrown meat you need durable knives that can handle the stress and maintain a sharp edge. I’d personally recommend SMITHFIELDS London.
10) Cast iron cookware – This is something that can last you a lifetime. It can be more cost effective over a long period compared to the lightweight cookware many now buy, especially the kind with non-stick coatings.
11) Pressure cookers for canning and cooking – Pressure cookers are necessary to can some items and also enable you to cook some meals much faster helping you to conserve fuel. It can also make some cuts of meat much more tender such as older chickens.
12) Canning jars & Reusable canning lids – These would allow you to preserve some of the harvest for later use and provide you with a reusable storage medium that can last for decades. A supply of at least 10 cases of quart jars per person is a good average to start with but individual needs may vary from person to person.
13) Storable Food – Mountain House & Vitamins. Stored food must be supplemented. by fresh food and vitamins.
14) Ethanol still – This can provide you with alcohol to drink, use as an antiseptic or as a fuel for lamps or internal combustion engines. It provides an excellent product to sell or trade. Can also make essential oils and terps etc.
15) Charcoal foundry – This is a useful item on a homestead and can be nothing more than a metal 5 gallon bucket with fireclay lining and a crucible that can melt a few pounds of scrap metal. It can provide you with the means to make simple tools and hardware items such as nails and hinges. This can provide you with a good product to barter.
16) Sewing kit – This should include supplies to repair or construct clothing and may include a manual sewing machine and tools to sew canvas and leather. The more supplies you have the better. This can be a useful skill to sell or trade.
17) Wood cutting tools – Several good axes, wood cutting saw, wedges and a splitting maul are essential for building a homestead from scratch and for providing fuel for cooking and heating. If you plan to move logs, a good chain and skidder tongs would also be very useful. Tools that don’t need electricity.
18) Basic carpenters tool kit – A good set of carpentry tools will allow you to build just about anything out of wood that you might need. A kit containing a saw, claw hammer, half hatchet, coping saw, wood chisels, tin snips, chalk line, 25’ tape measure, 300’ tape measure, level, manual drill and set of bits, brace and bits, block plane, draw plane, tri-square, miter box and saw, staple gun, utility knife and extra blades, plumb bob and string and a set of wood files will give you good capabilities.
19) Salt – This is an item that many may forget. The human body needs salt to function properly. Many of the canned foods we now buy contain lots of salt but when you process your own foods it is something you will need to add. You will need salt for cooking and preserving meats. How much you need will depend on how much preserving you do but if you are storing salt for future use you can never have too much meaning hundreds of pounds would not be overdoing it.
20) Bee hives – This is an item many may not think about but it offers many advantages to a storage plan. Honey is a good substitute for sugar and you can make it in your own back yard. It can be used for cooking recipes, as a syrup and is a good antibacterial when used on wounds. Bees wax will also provide you with material for candles.
21) Fire starting capability – Fire is something that would be difficult to do without. We use it for cooking, light, heating and processing. Having a supply of butane lighters, matches or flint and steel would give you the ability to create fire when you need it in the short term. Wood supply and methane creator for the longer term.
22) Medical supplies – On a self sufficient homestead you may be in a location or in a situation where you don’t have access to a doctor or professional help. In the event you have a mishap you will need the ability to care for yourself or a family member. Your medical supplies will reflect your ability and will increase over time with your knowledge but there are some basic items you should start with. Iodine, band aids, roll gauze, gauze pads, tape, trauma pads, blood stopper, antibiotic ointment, ace bandage, burn cream, splint, tourniquet, aspirin, calamine lotion, butterfly closures, cotton balls, oil of cloves, emergency dental kit, EMT shears, thermometer, razor blades, alcohol pads, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, Epson salts. Honey, apple cider vinegar and garlic provide healing capabilities for many illnesses and are good to keep around the house also.
23) Building Materials– Cement, Bricks, Woods, Nails etc etc etc
24) Good reference library – This is something everyone should have regardless of where they live. Knowledge is the first step to doing anything. Books that detail emergency medical procedures, growing plants, veterinary skills, cooking, herbal remedies, construction techniques using locally available materials, making cloth and clothing, butchering and preserving meat and dozens of other titles you may determine useful give you a distinct edge when you are thrown back on your own resources.
25) Household Goods - Bleach, Clothes, Soap, Terps and making them from scratch etc etc etc
26) Animals for food & Animal Shelters, Barbed Wire. - Chickens, Rabbits, Goats, Pigs, Sheep, Cattle.
Multiple Shelters, Containers and Feeders.
PULLING - Logs (out of the forest to sawing area)
PULLING - Mole Plough (Drainage)
PULLING - Plough
PULLING - Harrow
PULLING - Roller
PULLING - Cultivator
PULLING - Furrow
PULLING - Fence Tension
PULLING - Cart
28) Fishing Kit, Traps and Snares. Trapping is easier than hunting, as farming is easier than gathering.
29) Rope & 550 Cord. Something very hard to make yourself!
30) Communications Equipment HAM Station. Satellite Phone. Very important.
31) Smoker, Food Dryer (Plans for making)
32) Oil Press, Meat Grinder, Cider Press
33) All purpose Seymour Oven
34) Soap, Vinegar, Terps- Add distilled essential oils of things like lavender.
35) Gardening - Compost heaps, Manure, Nitrogen, Potassium, Fence Posts, Barbed Wire, Polytunnel etc
36) Making Black Powder - pine charcoal, potassium nitrate (saltpetre) and Sulphur. Creosote, get it from your chimney, it builds up if you burn unseasoned wood.
37) Old Farm Machinery - Tractor, Rotavator, Plough, Harrow. That can be used with a tractor or horse.
38) Colloidal Silver, Iodine - sterling 9.25 % silver, water (distilled water) and 9 volt batteries and electrodes. Iodine is harder, should at least have several gallons in stores.
39) Septic Tank - Also a good idea to dig multiple holes on your land to bury animals and other things if needed. 6 foot deep holes by hand is hard work.
40) Digester, Wind Turbine, Solar Panels, Battery Array. I’ll explain this to you.
41) Lister Petter Engine. Can use Bio-Diesel.
PTO Threshing (Wheat)
PTO Pumping (Water)
PTO Sawing (Wood)
PTO Grinding (Grain)
PTO Milling (Flour)
PTO Pressing (Oil)
PTO Chipping (Fodder & Wood)
PTO Mixing (Cement)
PTO Generator (Electricity)
42) Steam Engine - can do the same as the lister petter using wood.
43) Chest Freezers - Low watt, kept in a cellar.
45) Lighting - In a grid down scenario lighting is important. Solar powered outdoor lights are very cheap.
00) A good attitude and lots of determination – No matter how well you are prepared, things don’t always go as planned. During a long term situation you will be faced with many obstacles on a daily basis. The only way to prevail is to maintain a positive attitude and never give up. When something doesn’t work don’t get upset and quit, you must be able to take a deep breath and try something else.